Conference Papers, Publications

Flux estimation algorithms for electric drives: a comparative study

Author: Mohamad Koteich

Conference: REDEC – International Conference on Renewable Energies for Developing countries, July 2016, Lebanon.

DOI: 10.1109/REDEC.2016.7577558

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Abstract: This paper reviews the stator flux estimation algorithms applied to the alternating current motor drives. The socalled voltage model estimation, which consists of integrating the back-electromotive force signal, is addressed. However, in practice, the pure integration is prone to drift problems due to noises, measurement error, stator resistance uncertainty and unknown initial conditions. This limitation becomes more restrictive at low speed operation. Several solutions, reported in the literature, are reviewed and compared. Emphasis is placed on the low-pass filter based algorithms that show good performance in steady-state as well as in transient operating conditions.

Conference Papers, Publications

A unified model for low-cost high-performance AC drives: the Equivalent Flux concept

Authors: Mohamad Koteich, Gilles Duc, Abdelmalek Maloum, Guillaume Sandou

Conference: The Third International Conference on Electrical, Electronics, Computer Engineering and their Applications (EECEA2016), Apr 2016, Beirut, Lebanon.

DOI: 10.1109/EECEA.2016.7470768

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Abstract: This paper presents a unified modeling approach of alternating current (AC) machines for low-cost high-performance drives. The Equivalent Flux concept is introduced. Using this concept , all AC machines can be seen as a non-salient synchronous machine with modified (equivalent) rotor flux. Therefore, complex salient-rotor machines models are simplified, and unified shaft-sensorless AC drives can be sought. For this purpose, a unified observer-based structure for rotor-flux position and speed estimation is proposed. The equivalent flux concept generalizes the existing concepts, such as the extended back-electromotive force, the fictitious flux and the active flux.

Electric Motors/Generators, Posts, Videos

The First Electric Motor

In May 1834 Moritz Jacobi built the world’s first real electric motor in Königsberg. There had been other rotating electromagnetic devices before but none of them developed a significant mechanical output power. The first rotating device was already created in 1822 by Peter Barlow (Barlow’s wheel).

Jacobi’s electric motor developed as much as 15 watt. The film presents an authentic replica of his construction in action.

This first electric motor set a world record in performance that stood for four years and was improved in September 1838 only by Jacobi himself. It was not before 1839/40 when other developers worldwide managed to build motors of similar and later also of higher performance.

Continue reading “The First Electric Motor”